GALENA DAILY GAZETTE
OLD SERIES---VOL. XVI, NO. 175
NEW SERIES---VOL. I, NO. 55
Tuesday morning, April 19, 1864
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PEN AND SCISSORS
---"Placards containing the words 'smallpox in this house,' are seen nearly every street in Covington. There are no signs of an abatement of the disease in the city."
--"A French armed transport, with a bark in tow, has gone up the James river, intending to bring down tobacco from Richmond, belonging to the French Government."
--"In Philadelphia, on Tuesday, Gen. Grant had to have the assistance of the police in order to make his way through the admiring crowd, when he appeared in Chestnut Street."
--"A young looking soldier girl, says the Louisville Journal, who had served twenty months in an Indiana regiment, and participated in several hard contested engagements, became tired of the service, and donning female apparel again, crossed the Ohio river yesterday on her way to her long forsaken home, she had received two severe wounds in battle which will remain to remind her of her folly to the latest years of her life. The reason for her entering the service is the old story, love and romance."
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EMANCIPATION IN POLAND
"A ukase of the Czar of Russia has recently been promulgated, ordering a complete emancipation of the serfs of Poland, in its general provisions it resembles the measure which was last year adopted for the release of the Russian serfs, but it is declared that every peasant in Poland shall become the possessor of all the land and the buildings upon which he holds from his feudal superior, or the lord of the manor, and cultivates. On the same day he is exempted from the personal services which he has hitherto owed to the owner of the land. For these privileges he is to pay to the Government a small sum, which the Government pledges to hand over to the former proprietors as a compensation for any losses they may incur by the change.
Whether the Imperial edict is issued in pursuance of the general policy of the present Emperor in the matter of the abolition of the serfdom, or whether it seems to be issued, like the similar edict of President Lincoln, as a 'military measure' designed to 'aid in the suppression of the rebellion,' we are unable to say. But, in any event, the identify of the measures adopted by the two Governments under this head, illustrates the degree in which the executive policy of each has been assimilated during the last three years. So true is it as Thueydides says, that 'war is a hard master, and assimilates, men's tempers to the condition in which it places them.'
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OFFICIAL LAWS OF THE UNTIED STATES
Passed at the First Session of the Thirty-eighth Congress
Public - No. 16
"An Act to provide for the protection of overland emigration to the States and Territories of the Pacific. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled. That, for the protection of emigrants by the overland route to the States and Territories of the Pacific, the sum of forty thousand dollars be add the same is hereby appropriated out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated to be expended under direction of the Secretary of War. Provided that then thousand dollars of said appropriation shall be applied to the protection of emigrants on the route from Fort Abercrombie by Fort Benton, and the further sum of ten thousand dollars of said appropriation shall be applied to the protection of emigrants on the route from Niobrarah and Gailatin, in Idaho. Approved, March 3, 1864"
Public - No. 17
"An Act to increase the internal revenue and for other purposes."
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EAST GALENA UNION MEETING
"You are requested to meet at the school building near the residence of R. H. McCLELLAN, Esq., on Wednesday next, April 20th, at 4 o'clock, P.M., for the purpose of appointing delegates to attend the Union County Convention, to be held at Warren, on Friday the 22d inst." By order of the Committee
WEST GALENA UNION MEETING
"The Unconditional Union men of West Galena, are requested to meet at the Court House on Wednesday Afternoon, April 20, at 3 o'clock, for the purpose of choosing thirteen delegates to the County Convention at Warren, on the 22d inst.:
By order of the Committee
"A 'Board of Honor,' appointed in pursuance of an act of Congress for the purpose of awarding medals to officers and soldiers for distinguished bravery, have awarded to Brigadier General John E. SMITH, a medal of gold inscribed, 'Fort Donelson, Shiloh, Siege of Corinth, Port Gibson, Raymond, Jackson, Champion Hills, Vicksburgh, and Missionary Ridge.'
John A. RAWLINS was confirmed, by Congress, last Thursday, as a Brigadier General.
A. L. CHETLAIN has been confirmed as a Brigadier General, without restriction to colored troops.
Mr. H. S. TOWNSEND, of Rush, has been spending a few days in Springfield, IL. after the interests of the Agricultural Society which embraces the counties of Jo Daviess, Grant and LaFayette."
SALE OF FAT CATTLE
Hanover, April 12, 1864
"Friend Brown:--This little place was taken yesterday by horned cattle driven into town to be weighed. Mr. John SPEARS and brother, drove in and weighed 140 head of fat cattle in one lot. They were sold to Mr. James MARKS, of Mt. Carroll, for the snug little sum of $8,700. They were fed, principally, on their extensive farm adjoining this village. The SPEAR brothers have one of the finest farms in the county, and are flourishing farmers."
PRESENT OF A MAGNIFICENT HORSE TO GENERAL CHETLAIN
"The Memphis Argus, of April 9th, contains the following account of the presentation of a horse to one of Galena's honored Generals. Those of us who are acquainted with General CHETLAIN, know that this presentation was worthily bestowed.
A Presentation.--Yesterday, within the fortifications, about 4 o'clock, there was a scene worthy of note enacted. It was the presentation to Brigadier General Augustus L. CHETLAIN, commanding the Corps d'Aftique in Tennessee, by the officers of the division of colored troops stationed in Memphis and vicinity, of a magnificent charger valued at $800. The gift is every way worthy of the donors and their General, and is just the kind of an animal a good judge would have selected to wear a costly set of trappings presented to the estimable officer some weeks since. But a few months since, called to the command of so large a body of troops, Gen. CHETLAIN has already endeared himself to both officers and men. A stranger to them, with nothing to recommend him to their appreciation, buy a reputation for skill, bravery, and an unyielding sense of duty, he has in a few months won upon them to a degree that has already found vent in the presentation of two handsome, serviceable and costly gifts. Entering the service of his country when the first drum-tap resounded through the State of his adoption and residence, he has gone on from private to his present high grade, always securing the confidence as well of his commanding officers as the men under him. He combines the sauvity of the gentleman with the sterness of the soldier--together a combination which has told always in his favor. He wears his honors worthily and well."
"As a man and two women from the country, were coming down Franklin street hill yesterday, their horse became frightened and ran down the hill, throwing the whole party out and injuring one of the women considerably. The horse kept on at a furious rate down street, and when near the Frankling House, it collided with a team, breaking the hind wheels of both wagons. If the horse is still going at the same speed as when last heard from it must be now in the latitude of Fort Pillow."