GALENA DAILY GAZETTE
OLD SERIES---VOL. XVI, NO. 154
NEW SERIES---VOL. I, NO. 35
Friday morning, March 25, 1864



Page 2  Col. #1

PHONOGRAPHY

 "Phonography (from phone, voice, and graphe, writing,) is the art of
representing spoken sounds by written signs;  and also the style of
writing in accordance with this art.  This style of writing in
accordance with this art.  This style, as brought to perfection by Mr.
Pittman, is at once the most scientific, accurate and simple that it is
possible for human skill and ingenuity to invest.

 We do not propose to attempt a description of it, as that would be
impossible without phonographic types with which to illustrate.  We
simply design to present a few facts for the benefit of those who may
desire to become practically acquainted with they system of shorthand
writing.

 Any person who has much writing to do may save fully three-fourths of
the time that is necessary in writing longhand by becoming acquainted
with Phonography.  It is as legible, to one familiar with it, as any
other style of writing, and we are acquainted with ministers who use it
habitually in the pulpit, preferring it not only as being easier to
write, but also as being easier  to read than ordinary writing.--A
thorough study of it greatly assists in attaining to the nicest accuracy
in pronunciation.

 It pays.  Reporters are in great demand, in civil and military courts,
and in the city newspaper offices.  The courts can't afford to give a
good renumeration, because, frequently the short-hand writer saves
thereon four days time to a court in a single case, and, of course, all
the additions cost that would accrue.  In a recent case a friend of
ours, to whom we are indebted for some facts here stated, saved his
county at least two days work; and the district attorney (c)ited that
the lowest amount, per day, for which the court could be run was $100.
Official reporters attached to the courts in the East get from $1500 to
$2000 per annum salary;  and from ten to fifteen cents per folio of one
hundred words for transcripts of their notes.  Reporters in the army are
allowed from $10 to $15 per day for reporting, and an additional sum for
transcribing.  The compensation varies, but is always remunerative.  Any
person who has a fair acquaintance with the English language can become
a phonographer.  Some persons acquire a sufficient knowledge of the art,
by a few months practice to report correctly an average speaker.  Two
hours a day of study and practice will be sufficient to make any
intelligent student a proficient in the art in one year at the
farthest.  Often much less time is necessary.

 Phonography can be learned from the books, without any assistance
whatever from a teacher;  but it is much better for most beginners to
have the benefit of any experienced instructor.

 Every professional man, and every man who would have a complete
business education, should acquire a knowledge of Phonography.  We hope
the time will come when it will be taught in all our schools, and be
considered an indispensable part of a good English education."

 Page 2  Col. #2

PEN AND SCISSORS

--"An exploring party recently left New Mexico for the Navajo country,
under the guidance of a captive Indian woman, who offers to pilot them
to a place where gold is so abundant that the Indians make it into
bullets."

--"A poor woman in London is said to have died recently from a 'morbid
antipathy to the workhouse,' a philanthropical phrase, which means we
suppose that she starved to death.  Such instances are becoming very
common of late in that city."

Page 2  Col. #3

--"MARKED ARTICLES.-- Some of the marks which are fastened on to
blankets, shirts, &c., sent to the Sanitary Commission for the soldiers,
show the thought and feeling at home.--Thus, on a home-spun blanket,
worn, but washed as clean as snow, was pinned a bit of paper which
said:  --'This blanket was carried by Milly Aldrich (who is ninety-three
years old) down hill and up hill, one and a half miles, to be given to
some soldier.'

On a bed-quilt was pinned a car saying:  'My son is in the
army.--Whoever is made warm by this quilt, which I have worked on for
six days and most all of six nights, let him remember his own mother's
love.'

On another blanket was this:  'This blanket was used by a soldier in the
war of 1812--may it keep some soldier warm in this war against
Traitors.'

On a pillow was written:  'This pillow belonged to my little boy, who
died resting on it;  it is a precious treasure to me, but I give it for
the soldiers.'

On a pair of woolen socks was written:  'These stockings were knit by a
little girl five years old, and she is going to knit some more, for
mother says it will help some poor soldiers.'

On a box of beautiful lint was this mark:  'Made in a sick room, where
the sunlight has not entered for nine years, but where God has entered;
and where two sons have bid their mother good-bye as they have gone out
to the war.'

On a bundle containing bandages was written:--'This is a poor gift, but
it is all I had;  I have given my husband and boy, and only wish I had
more to give, but I haven't.'

On some eye-shades were marked:  'Made by one who is blind.  Oh, how I
long to see the dear old flag that you are all fighting under.'


Page 3  Col. #2

WARREN ITEMS

 "After copying our 'good records' of families in this county which are
pre-eminently well represented in the Army, the Warren Independent says
Mrs. COWEN, of that place, also deserves especial notice.  She has sent
four sons into the Union army.  Their names are Luther H., before his
death Major of the 45th Regt., Daniel W., 1st Lieut. Co. B., 45th Regt.,
Oscar, a Corporal in Co. K., 96th Reg., and Christopher C., Orderly
Sergeant of Co. K, 96th Reg't.  This brings the number up to 29 from six
families.

 Major D.J. BENNER, Chief Quartermaster on Gen. HURLBUT's staff, was
formerly one of the editors of the Independent.  When he left Warren and
entered the army he was a first lieutenant in the 15th Ill.
infantry.--He has won promotion by good service in camp and on the
battle field.  He made a two day visit to Warren this week, and returned
to Memphis, expecting to be ordered soon to the Army of the Potomac."

GALENA PRICE CURRENT

 "Wood, $6 per cord; Coal, $7 @18 per ton; Ham, unsmoked, 15 cents,
smoked 18 cts. per lb.; Cigars, unsmoked, 10 cts., unsmokable, 5 cts.,
smoked, 2 cts. per stump--(in great demand, as well as ejected quids, by
manufacturers of fine-cut chewing tobacco for the army trade);  Flour
(best brands) $6.50;  Wages of Rebel Home Guards, alias 'special
police,' (poor Brand's) inquire of tax payers;  Gas, $4 per 1000 ft.;
Cabbage, 10 cts. per head;  Whiskey, 10 cts. per 'horn';  Sweiglass bier
(lager) 5 cts. each;  Hair cutting (at Smith's--funny business for a
blackSmith) 25 cts.;  ditto (at Schmidt's) ditto;  Shaving (at barber
shops) 10 cts.--ditto (at the banks) considerably more;  Pews, (Catholic
churches) [email protected]$100---ditto (Protestant) ditto; Board at First-class
hotels, $2 per day; "Bored" at church sociables and mite societies, 5
cts.; Marriage licenses, $1 per couple; Gov't revenue stamp on same, 10
cts; Clergyman's fee, $5---Total, for necessary matrimonial papers,
$6,10; Daily Gazette, $8,00; Weekly Gazette, $2,00; Daily and weakly
Democrat, no sales."


Page 3   Col. #4

BY TELEGRAPH
------------
Morning Report
--------------
The Gettysburg Investigation
****************************
Gen. Grant at the Front.
************************
Offensive Operation Soon to be Commenced
****************************************
Rebel Cavalry Movements
***********************
Additional Foreign News
***********************

A new Monitor Launched at Boston---Formidable Ironclad Launched at
Charleston
*****************************************************************************

---"Advices from Hilton Head state that on Thursday, the 10th inst., a
new ironclad steamer was launched successfully at Charleston.  She is
called the Ashby.---This increases the ironclads in Charleston Harbor to
the number of seven vessels.  She is described as a formidable vessel,
with many improvements on the former efforts of the Confederates.

The rebels report the capture of Fort Hewell, near Mobile, by Admiral
Farragut; date not given.

Advices say the rebels mounted 6 rifled guns in the casemate of Sumter,
bearing on the channel to prevent the advance of the Union ironclads."

"The proposed review of the Army of the Potomac will not take place
to-morrow.  Gen. Grant, who arrived here this morning, proceeds at once
to the front.  The re-organization of the army will be quietly and
speedily consummated.

Gen. W. T. Smith, whom the Senate confirmed as Maj. Gen. to-day, will
have a command in the East next to Grant.  His position will really be
chief of staff to the Lieut.-Gen, and as such will direct the movements
of whoever may be nominally in command of the Army of the Potomac.  It
is understood that Gen. Grant, after reorganizing the army to his
satisfaction, will give the rebels a taste of its fighting qualities
before he returns West.

One Lieutenant and four men, deserters, came in our lines yesterday.
They represented that Lee has ordered all wagons to be in readiness for
use on April 1st.

The Committee on Indian affairs recommend an appropriation of $1,000,000
to indemnify the people of Minnesota for losses sustained during the
Sioux war."


Special to the World:
"The testimony of Gen. Hancock before the Committee on the Conduct of
the War in relation to the battle of Gettysburg detracts somewhat from
the glory which has been claimed by Gens. Sickles and Meade.  It is to
the affect that on the morning of the 1st of July Gen. Meade directed
Gen. Hancock to proceed to the front and assume command of the 1st, 3d,
and 11th corps.  Upon arriving at Gettysburg he found that the 1st and
11th corps had been driven back and were in considerable confusion.  He
relieved Gen. Howard and proceeded to form a line on which an engagement
might be fought, this being in accordance with Gen. Meade's
instruction.  He was engaged in forming the line when the 3d corps came
up, and a position was assigned to it.  He then reported, by an aid, to
Gen. Meade and the remaining divisions of the army were ordered up the
line thus selected, which was the one on which the three days battle was
fought, and Gen. Hancock commanded the left centre on the 3d, when
Longstreet was repulsed from his desperate charge upon our lines.  Gen.
Meade had nothing to do with the selection of the line of battle and
trusted entirely to Gen. Hancock's judgment."