GALENA DAILY GAZETTE OLD SERIES---VOL. XVI, NO. 160 NEW SERIES---VOL. I, NO. 41 Friday morning, April 1, 1864 Page 2 Col. #1 MEXICAN AFFAIRS "The Mexican news reaching us from various sources is interesting, and yet somewhat, conflicting and unsatisfactory. President Juarez, in spite of misfortune and defeat, is still engaged in most active and energetic resistance to the French and their traitorous allies among his own countrymen. Governor Vidaurri, whose headquarters are at Monterey, has forsaken Juarez and declared for the French. Cortina, the Governor of Tamsulipas; whom he hoped to draw into the same course, declares his adherence to the Juarez Government, and at latest advices was marching his troops against Vidaurri. General Doblado was also marching against the rebel Governor, and it was hoped that he could be crushed before the French could render him assistance. If this could be done, the legitimate Government would be greatly strengthened in Northern Mexico. The forces of Juarez under Uraga, are reported to have achieved a great victory over the French. They are said to have stormed Guadalajara, and to have captured more than 700 prisoners, 24 cannon, and an immense amount of war materials. the news was not altogether unexpected, for our latest accounts from Grench sources expressed a fear, that reenforcements were urgently needed at Guadalajara, to prevent it from falling into the hands of Uraga. It is not certain, however, that this is true. We hope it is. Gen. Santa Anna, who returned to Mexico, and declared for the French, has been ordered out of the country by the French commander, Gen. Bazaine, and has returned to Havana. A journal of that city gives the following as the reason that Santa Anna was ordered to leave, saying that he had asked permission of the Provisional Government to go from St. Thomas to Jalapa, where he has large property, which had been very much deteriorated, and where he expected that his presence would have influence in re-establishing order and consolidating the new system of government. There was not a moment's hesitation in giving him the permission that he asked for, but, at the same time, it was made a sine qua non that he should renounce the project that he had made known of its being his intention to publish and circulate in Mexico a manifesto, in which he proposed to explain to the Mexicans the reasons that had induce him to accept, without any restrictions, the new order of things; or, in other words, to give in his adhesion to the Empire. Gen. Bazaine and the Regency were of opinion that such a manifesto might be made an excuse for disturbance, the country being yet in an agitated state, and consented to Gen. Santa Anna returning whenever he pleased, provided that he abstained from any manifestation on his arrival. This determination was made known to Santa Anna on his arrival at Vera Cruz, where the necessary instructions had been sent, as well as to Jalapa. But, notwithstanding, the manifesto began to be extensively circulated in loose sheets, and in consequence, the order was sent to him to leave the country. This impolite act will greatly injure the French cause, as Santa Anna has many adherents who have hitherto favored the foreigners. We hope it may help to unite the people under the standard of Juarez, to maintain Mexican independence." Page 2 Col. #2 TO CHATTANOOGA AND BACK "Editor Gazette: It may be interesting to some of your readers to learn a few of the incidents connected with our journey to Nashville, and the front of our army. We arrived there on the evening of the 18th, saw Gen. Grant and staff, made arrangements with him for the presentation of the sword at the hour of 10 a.m. The next morning met therefore at his headquarters, and in the presence of his staff, Generals Sherman and Dodge, and other celebrities, whose names I could not remember, presented him with the sword which we had carried down with us, and with which the gallant General was much pleased, and expressed his satisfaction with pride at the present, and his appreciation of the good will of those who subscribed for it. C. H. Rogers, Esq., (now a resident of New York, formerly a partner of H. CORWITH, Esq.) of whose kindness of disposition and gentlemanly feeling most of our citizens here bear a pleasing remembrance, was our companion. He by the way had come all the way from new York for the sole purpose of being present at the presentation, and was with us throughout the whole journey, adding by his presence materially to our enjoyment. The party had the honor of dining with our illustrious General, at 2 p.m. Passes were kindly and considerately furnished us by Gen. Grant, and letters of introduction to Gen. Thomas. We reached Chattanooga on the morning of the 19th. Horses were placed immediately at our disposal and accompanied by one of his aides (Capt. Kellog of New York, a most intelligent and gentlemanly young officer) we visited the fortifications around Chattanooga and Missionary Ridge. On the 20th we ascended the famous Lookout Mountain, and although we have carefully read all the particulars concerning it, yet the idea formed upon its description falls far short of the reality. It appeared to us a miracle how an army could be extricated from such a position. The successful expulsion of the rebels, from such a stronghold, is by no means the least of Gen. Grant's brilliant exploits. I must not forget to mention that we were introduced to Sergeant Flynn, a brave young lad only 12 years of age (a drummer boy) now an aid and pet of Gen. Thomas, who, at the battle of Chickamauga, shot and killed a rebel Colonel. From Chattanooga we paid a visit to the brave 96th, encamped at Cleveland. Well may the State be proud of such a regiment, whose heroic deeds are familiar to all who have read the accounts of their splendid valor at Chickamauga and Lookout Mountain. Both officers and men were in the finest health and spirits, and their gentlemanly conduct and earnest endeavors to render our abort stay among them as pleasant as possible, made an impression on our hearts that years will not eradicate. After witnessing their dress parade in the afternoon, we were most agreeably entertained by a succession of patriotic songs, sung by a choir the equal of which is rarely to be found. In fact the Regiment can do anything, for they have material in them, such as is rarely combined in one body of men. On the 22d, Quartermaster Jeffry rigged up a stout sleigh and harnessing thereto six mules, took us (a party of about twenty accompanied by a band of music) all around Cleveland. The snow was about eight inches deep, a thing rarely seen in the Sunny South, whilst on all sides shrubs and beautiful flowers were in full bloom. We must thank very sincerely the officers and men of the 96th, especially Col. Champion, Lieut. Col. Smith, Capt. Tounsend and Quartermaster Jeffry. That evening we left them for Chattanooga, thence took a boat for Cairo. On passing Paducah on Saturday the 26th, at 4 p.m., we hailed a gunboat, and asking permission to proceed, the answer was 'Pass on.' Immediately after rebels were seen in one part of the town; these the gunboats directly commenced shelling. The inhabitants were running by hundreds to the river, where there were two steamers and a ferry boat employed to take them over to the other side. There were said to be 400 dead rebels in front of the fort. The flag of our country was still proudly floating, defended by the gallant Col. Hicks and his brave soldiers. Three ladies, Mrs. Wallace, Mrs. Bover and Mrs. Woolford, wives of rebel Generals, were our fellow passengers on the boat, to Cairo. The former possessed considerable very valuable property in Paducah, and had the happiness of seeing it burnt in her very presence, as we passed by. They had all been to Nashville to try and get permission to pass into the rebel lines, but being unable to do so were returning to Cairo with the intention of getting down the Mississippi, if possible. I must add that wherever we came in contact with any of our troops, we were uniformly treated with the greatest kindness. Throughout the whole of the country through which we passed, the supplies are immense. There seems to be but one general opinion as to the result of the war. At headquarters they say that two bloody battles must be fought soon; one at Richmond and the other at or near Dalton. Should these prove successful, the rebellion will be ended; if not, some time must elapse before it can be put down; but put down, it will be; for there is no doubt as regards the ultimate success of our armies. Apologizing for the length of my letter (had I time and you space, I could tell you much more)", I remain, Dear Sir, Truly Yours, S.T. Napper P.S.---"For the benefit of certain of our friends(!) who I hear have reported that the board of Supervisors had appropriated $500.00 for the expenses attendant on the presentation of the sword, I beg to state that such is not the fact, for no stipulated sum was mentioned. Furthermore the total of the expenses amounted only to the sum of $131.90, including $14.00 the cost of sending the sword from Washington by express, and telegraphing. As regards the expenses from nashville to the front the bills were footed by ourselves and the gratification we received far exceeded all costs." S. T. N. PRESENTATION ADDRESS. The following is the Address of Gen. Grant on the presentation of the Sword by the Committee of the Jo Daviess county Supervisors: "LIEUT.-GEN. GRANT: As the Committee appointed by the Board of Supervisors of Jo Daviess county, we now have the honor to address you. That Board, responding to the patriotic desire of all the loyal citizens of the county, passed a resolution for the procuration of a sword to be presented to you, in the name of the people of that county which has the honor of claiming you as its distinguished citizen. We now read to you the proceedings of the Board of Supervisors, engrossed upon the parchment, which will testify to you the entire patriotic unanimity which characterized the proceedings of the Board on this subject. (Here were read the proceedings of the Board.) Having thus shown the action of our noble county, we now have the pleasure to present to you, the sword, in the name of the people of that county, and in their behalf ask that you may receive it as a slight token of their respect for you as a fellow-citizen, and as a tribute of their gratitude for the inestimable service you have rendered our country in the suppression of the rebellion against the Government. It may be gratifying for you to know that you have ever enjoyed the fullest and most entire confidence of your fellow-citizens of Jo Daviess county. Presiding at the first meeting that was called in the county, at the Court-House in Galena, after the flag on Fort Sumter had been fired upon by perfidious traitors, you have since devoted yourself with a zeal and ability only equalled by your courage and skill as a soldier to the cause of your country, and your achievements have challenged the admiration, and received the heart-felt thanks of the nation. Whatever effect, at any time, calumny and detraction may have had upon the public mind, you can be assured that there has never been a time when you have not found a defender in every loyal citizen of Jo Daviess county. It is now with profound gratification that your immediate fellow-citizens can realize that you have more than vindicated the most enthusiastic claims of your friends, and that you need no defenders now from Jo Daviess or elsewhere. That time has passed, and it can now be said you are 'Moored in the rifted rock, Proof against the tempest shock.' Lieut.-Gen. Grant: We not only bear to you this sword in the name of the people of our county, but we bear to you the most ardent wish of every loyal and patriotic citizen thereof for your continued success in the noble work in which you are engaged, and for your future health, happiness and prosperity." S. F. NAPPER, H.S. TOWNSEND, Com. Board Supv'rs, Jo Daviess Co., Ill. P.S.---"Several important items were left out of my letter, among them was this: Colonel Hicks told me that he had been through the Mexican war, and thus far in this, and he never had seen troops handle guns better than did the negro troops at the recent fight at Paducah. In the intervals of duty in loading the pieces, they were loading and firing muskets, and that they deserved equal praise for their courage and skill with the white soldiers. One citizen was killed in the fort and one outside. I was informed one or two women were killed by a cannon ball, but could not learn their names, or that they were of a certainty killed. All the wagons, horses and mules belonging to Government (I did not learn the number), and all horses in the livery stables in the city, were taken by the rebels. Wolf & Brothers, dry goods merchants, were perhaps the heaviest losers of any from stolen goods. Out of a stock of $100,000, they lost $25,000, consisting of clothing, boots, shoes and silk goods. C.H. Reoke, dry goods, boots and shoes, silk goods, $25,000. John Johns lost heavy. He had been in the rebel army and came back to Paducah, took the oath and went to merchandizing. Many of the buildings near the fort, that were destroyed, belonged to Union citizens." Page 2 Col. #4 THE REBEL ATTACK ON PADUCAH --------------------------- GALLANT CONDUCT OF OUR FORCES --------------------------- A BRILLIANT VICTORY FOR --------------------------- HEAVY LOSSES OF THE PADUCAH MERCHANTS --------------------------- ANOTHER ATTACK EXPECTED-REBEL FLAG OF TRUCE REFUSED --------------------------- We condense from the Cairo dispatches of the Chicago papers the following full and reliable account of the fight at Paducah. It is mostly from official sources. Cairo, March 29. "The night before the battle scouts were kept 8 or 10 miles out on the Mayfield road, the direction the enemy advanced from. Returned about 12 o'clock noon. Could give no intelligence on account of citizens being kept back and not permitted to come in. New scouts started out about 1 o'clock in the afternoon. Met the enemy's advance guard about three miles from the post; was fired upon by the advancing force, and returned as fast as they could, giving information. In less than ten minutes picket guards were skirmishing with him, and driven in, they being on foot and the enemy mounted. A few of them were unable to reach the fort, and were captured. In less than thirty minutes the city and fort was surrounded, our forces occupying the fort. The gunboats Peosta and Paw-Paw opened fire, simultaneously with the fort. On the enemy's advance into the city the fight became furious. As soon as the enemy took position they advanced in a column against the fort, were repulsed and fell back. About three o'clock in the afternoon Major General Forrest sent in a flag of truce, with a communication demanding surrender, and saying that the federals need not expect any quarter if the fort should be carried by storm. Colonel Hicks returned an immediate answer declining to surrender. The enemy now formed anew, made an attack, but were again repulsed; made a third effort and were repulsed third time. From the beginning the enemy had to some extent taken cover in houses all around the fort. They now broke up, established lines and occupied building in swarms, firing from windows and behind houses, but were steadily held back from advance. Colonel Hicks directed his fire on the houses, driving the enemy therefrom. They, however, kept up fire from houses until about half past 11 in the night, when they finally retired. Officers and men in the fort were not permitted to sleep or leave their posts during the night. Early in the evening a squad of the enemy fired the steamer Dacotah on the marine ways, which was consumed. The ways were only partially burned. A few building, including that of the Quartermaster were burned by them. The enemy made his appearance next morning, when Colonel Hicks sent out parties and burned all houses in range of musket shot. The enemy kept hovering around in the distance, but made no move on the place afterward. About 9 o'clock Forrest sent in a flag of truce, proposing an exchange of prisoners, he having captured thirty-five or forty sick men in the hospital; also asking for a personal interview with Col. Hicks. The latter replied that he had no authority to exchange prisoners; and that he would meet Forrest for an interview in the presence of certain officers whom he named. To this Colonel Hicks received no answer, but waited in suspense, with Forrest's forces in view all the afternoon, when Forrest fell back towards Mayfield and Lovelaceville, in the direction of Columbus. No force was sent after him, as only infantry was at the disposal of Colonel Hicks, while Forrest's forces were mounted. The rebel Brigadier General Thompson, was shot through the head while on his horse near the fort, during the fight. After falling to the ground a shell struck him in the abdomen, and blew him to pieces. His spinal column was found several feet from his mangled body. Towards evening the ammunition in the fort became well nigh exhausted. When this was discovered, Colonel Hicks ordered that, should ammunition run out, the works should be defended with bayonet as long as a man remained alive. The enemy's force was estimated at 5,000, and had six small pieces of artillery, which was not of much service, only firing two or three shots, one of our shots knocking one of them twenty feet in the air and smashing the carriage, which was afterwards captured, and enemy taking the gun, however. Our forces numbered 770 men, consisting of the following named troops: 1st battalion 16th Kentucky, 300 men, raw recruits, Major Barnes commanding; three companies 122d Illinois, 190 men, Major Chapman, and 250 1st Kentucky heavy artillery, (colored troops,) all under command of Colonel S. G. Hicks, 40th Illinois. Mounted in the fort and used in the engagement, were five guns--three 24-poind siege guns, one 24-pound howitzer, one 6-pound howitzer, the latter brass pieces. Nine guns, larger than the ones used were in the fort, but were unmounted. Our loss was 14 killed and 46 wounded. Of these 11 negroes were killed and 25 wounded. Information received from prisoners and deserters from Confederate lines corroborate, show a loss to the enemy of 300 killed. The number of wounded can only be arrived at from comparison in battle, which, according to the rules of military men, will make their killed and wounded number near 1,200. The destruction of buildings by burning, number about 50 in all, mostly immediately around the fort. No buildings are burned above Broadway. About half of the buildings below Broadway, fronting on the river, were burned and battered down; the remainder, though not burned, are badly battered to pieces by shot and shell from the gunboats, which did most effective service throughout the engagement." Cairo, March 30 The steamer General Anderson left Paducah yesterday afternoon, arriving at too late an hour last night to get her news telegraphed till this morning. She brings reports of a most exciting character. As she passed Paducah, a flag of truce had been sent in by the rebels, and was refused admittance by Colonel Hicks, commanding the post. The object of the flag was unknown, but great excitement prevailed, and a momentary attack was anticipated upon the place. Merchants and tradesmen were packing up their goods, and making every preparation to leave the city at a moment's notice. One man was arrested as he was going aboard the General Anderson at Paducah, having with him a scalp taken from a Federal soldier's head. The scalp was carefully concealed in a basket under a lot of clothing. When the General Anderson arrived at this port no one was allowed to disembark until the officers of the Government went aboard, and the strictest search was made of every one who happened to be on board. These precautions are rendered necessary, from the fact that the whole country is found to be full of rebel spies." Page 2 Col. #5 SEVERAL UNION MEN AND COPS KILLED AND WOUNDED Mattoon, Coles Co., Ill., March 20 "A terrible affray occurred at Charleston, in this county, to-day. The Copperheads came in this morning to attend court in large numbers with guns concealed in wagon beds and armed with pistols. A little after three o'clock p.m., while Court was quietly in session, a man named Nelson Wells suddenly fired on a soldier in the courtyard. As though this was a preconcerted signal, the Copperheads in the Court House and yard opened a general fire on Union men and soldiers with revolvers, making a rush at the same time to a wagon where they had guns concealed, and firing with these as fast as they could get them. The few soldiers present being taken entirely by surprise, fought manfully with their pistols, and soon the dead and wounded were scattered around the public square. The soldiers and Union citizens ran for guns as soon as possible, but as they returned the rebels were in full retreat, the whole affair thus far having occupied buy a short time. Col. Mitchell, of the 54th Illinois, was without his revolver when it commenced. While attempting to take a pistol from a man, he was shot by another man, the ball striking his heavy gold watch and inflicting a slight wound. Another man put a pistol to his back and would have killed him had it not snapped. Still another man was just about firing a fatal shot at him when a soldier knocked him down with a brickbat. The Colonel was shot at a dozen times or more. Maj. Shubal York, Surgeon of the 54th, was shot dead while gallantly defending himself. Within an hour from the beginning of the affair, Lieut. Col. Chapman, with a portion of the 54th--about 250 men--arrived from Mattoon, twenty three miles distant, and squads were sent out after the retreating Copperheads. About thirty-five of the rebels were arrested during the evening and night, and are now here under guard. They cut the telegraph east of Charleston as they retreated. They met a soldier-- Levi Freisner, Co. C, 54th--whom they took prisoner at the command of John S. O'Hair, Sheriff of Coles county, who was at their head. The soldier was retaken at daylight this morning and six rebels who were guarding him were captured. The following is a list of killed as far as known. KILLED Major. S. York, Surgeon, 54th James Goodrich, C, 54th A. Swain, G, 54th Wm. Hart of the 62d Ill. John Jendings, Union Citizen" ADVERTISEMENTS- "LOOK OUT FOR BURGLARS- One fire and burglar proof IRON SAFE, medium size, in good order, and nearly new, will be sold cheap. Enquire of T. H. GELSTON, 168 Main Street" Page 3 Col. #2 LIEUTENANT COLONEL W.R. ROWLEY "We learn that our esteemed townsman, W. R. ROWLEY, has been promoted to the rank of Lieutenant Colonel." INFORMATION WANTED "Martin GRAGAN, aged sixteen years, with light hair and light complexion, a boy of exemplary habits, took leave of his mother, in this city, a year ago, to be absent for a few days only, and she has not seen him since. He was a dutiful and affectionate son, and his mother, who is a widow, is in great distress about him and will be grateful for any information left at this officer, in regard to him, and appeals to kind hearted editors--for humanity sake--to publish this notice. She has heard that he was seen last summer on one of the Upper Mississippi steamboats acting as waiter or in some similar capacity, and that he was seen not long since on a steamboat at St. Louis." MY KINGDOM FOR A HAT "In this country where mud doth so much abound as to adhere to the thickness of two inches to the feet of every pedestrian, we can hardly expect to see every man we meet wearing boots of the finest calf and made up in the latest style. The clothes too, particularly those of the business man, are so liable to become soiled that one is excusable for arraying himself in garments not of the finest texture. But, what shall we say of him who covers his head with a villainous looking old hat? Of all parts of the human mechanism, the head towers up the nearest to heaven and is the farthest removed from the clay and mire of the earth; and let no one disgrace that which was ordained to be the crowning part of the man. Ludwig VAN EMDEN, at 161 Main Street, takes the same view of this matter that we do, and is keeping for sale a fine assortment of hats and caps of the latest styles, so that no one shall find an excuse for wearing an old hat five years behind the times. VAN EMDEN keeps the best assortment in his line that can be found west of Chicago." MARRIED "In Thompson, at the residence of the bride's father, March 29th, by Rev. Joseph ODGERS, Mr. A. L. SWAKER, of Thompson to Miss Helen C., daughter of James GALLAHER, Esq., formerly of this city." DIED "In East Galena, on Wednesday, March 30th, 1864 Josiah BEALL, aged 83 years and 2 months. He was an old resident, having lived in this country for over 15 years. He died as he had lived, a true Christian and an honest man."